Coal Tar Shampoo

Shampoos which contain coal tar can be obtained over the counter. According to the Mayo Clinic, these are effective in the treatment of dandruff caused by psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis. Coal tar increases the life of the skin cells on the scalp in order to prevent them from flaking off as fast as the ones on an untreated scalp.

Zinc Pyrithione Shampoo

An active ingredient in a variety of dandruff shampoos obtained over the counter is zinc pyrithione. According to the Health Services at Columbia, it is among the most effective agents that prevent dandruff. It works to lessen the presence of fungus which will result to malassezia and seborrheic dermatitis.

Ketoconazole Shampoo

Ketoconazole is used in the treatment of dandruff which is caused by fungus. Moreover, it is a common treatment for an array of other fungal infections and is used when dandruff will not be responsive to other dandruff shampoos. Ketoconazole is obtainable both as a prescription and over the counter.

Selenium Sulfide Shampoo

Shampoos containing selenium sulfide are capable of keeping the skin cells from shedding and could be effective in the treatment of malassezia. Selenium sulfide shampoos can discolor light hair. Individuals who have dyed, gray or blond hair are not advised to use it.

Salicylic Acid Shampoo

Salicylic acid shampoo can be helpful in removing dead skin cells which have accumulated on the scalp and result to dandruff. But it can also produce dandruff since it makes the skin dry. It is important to condition your hair after using salicylic acid shampoo in order to reduce dry skin.